Acne is a common skin disorder characterized by clogged pores and pimples.
More than four out of five people between the ages of 12 and 24 have acne at least once. But while the disorder is often associated with teenagers, it can affect people of all ages. It’s not uncommon for acne to occur in people in their 20s and 30s. And, some people continue to have acne in their 40s and 50s. Many adult women experience mild to moderate acne due to hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, their menstrual cycles, or starting or stopping birth control pills.
Acne is rarely a serious medical condition, but it often causes emotional distress and can lead to scarring of the skin. With the right treatment, you can often keep.
Acne typically appears on your face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and scalp and can take the following forms:
Three factors contribute to the formation of acne:
Acne occurs when the hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Each follicle is connected to sebaceous glands. These glands secrete an oily substance known as sebum to lubricate your hair and skin. Sebum normally travels up along the hair shafts and then out through the opening of the hair follicle onto the surface of your skin. When your body produces an excess amount of sebum and dead skin cells, the two can accumulate in the hair follicle and solidify as a soft plug.
This plug may cause the follicle wall to bulge and produce a whitehead. The plug may darken, causing a blackhead. Pimples are raised red spots with a white center that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected. Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce lumps beneath the surface of your skin called cysts. Other pores in your skin, which are the openings of the sweat glands onto your skin, aren’t normally involved in acne.
It’s not known what causes the increased production of sebum that leads to acne. But a number of factors including hormones, bacteria, certain medications, heredity and stress may play a role.
Contrary to what some people think, foods have little affect on acne. Neither chocolate nor greasy foods like french fries are likely to cause or aggravate acne. Acne also isn’t caused by dirt. In fact, scrubbing the skin too hard or cleansing with harsh soaps or chemicals can cause irritation, which may make acne worse.
Hormonal changes in your body can provoke or aggravate acne. Such changes are common in:
Other risk factors include:
Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection or doing all three. With most prescription acne treatments, you may not see results for up to eight weeks, and your skin is likely to get worse before it gets better. Oral prescription medications for acne should not be used during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.
Your doctor or dermatologist may recommend one or more of the following treatments for acne:
You can avoid or control most acne with good basic skin care and the following self-care techniques:
Doctorsolve Healthcare Solution site strives to provide you with timely, accurate information, which is not intended for diagnosis or treatment.