Emphysema is incurable, but it can be managed and treated. People diagnosed with this condition can get help managing this using emphysema medications. It is a destructive disease for thousands of North Americans and their families.
A person with emphysema doesn’t develop the disease suddenly. It comes on gradually. He or she has probably had several very bad colds each winter for the past few years, each accompanied by a heavy cough, and often with chronic bronchitis.
The cough often persists between colds and becomes chronic. The thing that usually brings the patient to the doctor is that he or she has begun to feel short of breath on exertion in morning or evening or both. The patient may think he or she has asthma or heart disease.
Men aged between 50 and 70 years old are the most common sufferers of emphysema, though expect this trend to change as more women find themselves smoking. A very high percentage of the people who have emphysema smoke cigarettes and have been heavy smokers for many years. Sometimes, people live in areas with a lot of air pollution.
These people may have a certain substance missing from the lungs i.e. alpha-1 antitrypsin. This makes them more likely than others to get emphysema and at an earlier age.
You have to stop smoking because it increases your chances of getting emphysema. This disease requires you to take bronchial dilators so as not to have further lung damage. You’ll also need medication for asthma because it often occurs and contributes to the worsening of the disease.
Common medications for emphysema include antibiotics. They are helpful for acute chest infections. Some patients benefit from oxygen therapy, either when exercising or on a nearly continuous basis.
For the few patients suffering alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, weekly infusions of alpha-1 antitrypsin are available. These infusions are very expensive and it is not yet known if progress of this rare form of emphysema can be reduced by using this therapy. Physicians may emphasize the importance of regular exercise to maintain physical fitness and even refer a patient with emphysema to a respiratory rehabilitation program.
At this time, doctors do not know how to prevent emphysema. Continuing research is being conducted to find answers to many questions about this disease. But they do know that cigarette smoking is a definite cause, and that cutting out smoking can avoid damage for many who would otherwise develop the disease. Controlling air pollution can also help.
Modern medicine can usually slow down the progress of emphysema if patients are treated early. It is always the doctors immediate concern to clear up any infection or irritation of a patients respiratory system, because these things set up a possible starting place for emphysema.
If Emphysema concerns you, you should know: