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down syndrome statistics by countries

Down Syndrome Statistics by Country (Top 8)

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects people differently depending on their chromosomes, age, and country. The statistics show that the number of people with Down syndrome around the world has changed over time, with a shift from the USA to European countries. This could be due to various factors, such as maternal age, prenatal screening, abortion laws, and social support. Down syndrome is not a disease, but a condition that people can live with. However, there are still challenges and gaps in the quality of life and health care for people with Down syndrome. Therefore, it is important to raise awareness and advocate for their rights and inclusion.

About Down Syndrome 

Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by having an extra chromosome. Having this condition doesn’t mean you’ll experience all the symptoms. But you might have one or more of them. These can include developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and sometimes heart defects. To give you a heads up, In the USA, approximately 1 in 700 babies born has Down syndrome. So, globally, about 3,000 to 5,000 kids are born with this disorder each year.  

Is Down Syndrome Inherited?  

When a baby is on the way, they usually get 23 chromosomes from each parent. But with Down syndrome, there’s an extra copy of the 21st chromosome. Research shows that having three copies of the same chromosome can cause physical and mental differences.  If you’re a bit older, the chances of having a baby with Down syndrome go up. A study suggests the risk factor goes higher as a mother gets older. Experts see how often Down syndrome happens by looking at pregnancies affected. Then, they compare that with the total number of babies born alive.  

Down Syndrome Statistics by Country in 2009  

  1. USA – Over 400,000 people in the USA have been diagnosed with Down syndrome according to Global Down Syndrome Foundation. The USA tops all other countries with 713 deaths from this condition alone. It is the most common chromosomal disorder. There are around 6,000 children born with Down syndrome per year which is about 1 in every 700 births.
  2. Brazil As per official data, 300,000 people have been diagnosed with this condition in Brazil. Although the deaths are much fewer in Brazil than in the USA, there were 483 deaths reported. Few studies have looked into the effects of COVID-19 on people with DS, which are more likely to require hospitalization and have more severe symptoms. They also tend to suffer from increased mortality rates.
  3. Mexico – Mexico was next, with 131,199 people diagnosed with and 429 deaths. Down syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal disorders in Mexico. It has a 1/650 live birth rate in Mexico. Some of the frequent comorbidities are metabolic disorders, abnormal tissue differentiation, and abnormal internal organ developments too. 
  4. Germany – Fourth in line is Germany with 50,000 people diagnosed. There have been 212 deaths accounted for. 
  5. Venezuela Moving on to Venezuela, there were 31,271 people diagnosed with Down syndrome.  
  6. South Africa In South Africa, 55,560 people had Down syndrome.  
  7. Argentina Argentina didn’t have solid population stats, but they’ve seen 106 deaths.  
  8. Canada – Canada reported 40,634 cases and 91 deaths.  

Overall, the statistics showed a rapid rise in Down syndrome cases globally back in 2009.  

Key Takeaway – In 2009, the USA led in Down syndrome cases (400,000+), while Venezuela had the lowest (31,271). Globally, cases surged, emphasizing varied prevalence and impacts. 

Down Syndrome Statistics by Country in 2023 

The latest research highlights these countries suffer the most from Down Syndrome.  

  1. Ireland – Ireland has the highest number of babies with Down syndrome – 27.5 out of 10,000 born there. 
  2. Norway – In Norway, about 24.9 out of 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome. But, thanks to social inclusion programs, Norwegians with Down syndrome are doing well! 
  3. Malta Malta ranks third globally for the highest incidence of Down syndrome. 
  4. Sweden In Sweden, 14.5 out of 10,000 births result in children with Down syndrome.  
  5. Serbia – Down syndrome hits about 13.8 in 10,000 people in Serbia. 
  6. Moldova – Down syndrome here is around 13.4 in 10,000 births, a bit higher than the global rate.   
  7. Ukraine No accurate data is available for Ukraine. Although, WHO estimates around 12.5 in 10,000 births.  
  8. Croatia – Down syndrome rate at Croatia is a bit higher than usual, around 12.25 per 10,000 births. 

Key Takeaway – Ireland has the most Down syndrome cases (27.5 per 10,000 births). Norway and Malta are next, supporting people well. Croatia stands at the 8th position. 

How Can a Parent Help Their Child with Down Syndrome?  

Wondering how you can best support your child with Down syndrome? The National Library of Medicine did some digging and found some handy tips for you.  

  • Early Intervention is Key – Enroll your little one in early intervention programs, like speech and physical therapy. It’ll build crucial skills that pave the way for your child’s development. 
  • Create a Supportive Environment – Foster a safe and encouraging atmosphere at home. Celebrate their achievements, no matter how small. Positive reinforcement goes a long way in boosting your child’s confidence. 
  • Set Realistic Goals – Take it one step at a time. Set achievable goals that align with your child’s abilities. This not only helps in tracking progress but also ensures a sense of accomplishment.  
  • Be Patient – Patience is key. Your child may take some time to reach certain milestones, and that’s perfectly okay. Be present, be patient, and provide the support they need.  
  • Keep an Eye on Mental Health – Watch out for signs of mental health challenges. Some kids with Down syndrome may experience depression or anxiety. If you notice changes, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. 

What is the Life Expectancy for People with This Condition?  

Back in 1960, it was a mere 10 years. Yet, as per research, it is now a robust 60 years. Medical advancements, early interventions, and refined treatments have become game-changers. The shift from basic to cutting-edge medical care has significantly improved your odds. Think of it as upgrading from an old model to the latest tech. This enhanced approach, involving smarter diagnostics and personalized care, has changed outcomes.  

References 

 

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